Dehydration Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Dehydration means loss of body fluids which means human body does not have enough water. Human body consists of about 75% water and it is essential to maintain it. Water is the life line of human and it is very necessary for our body. Dehydration is more common in children rather that adult. In our body most of water is found in the cells. Dehydration occurs when the amount of water loss is more than intake which further causes illness and weakness.

There are three common types of dehydration:

Hypotonic: Loss of electrolytes

Hypertonic: Loss of water in the body

Isotonic: This is equal loss of electrolytes and water in the body.

Causes of Dehydration: Dehydration occurs when you do not intake enough water.

Then our system literally dries out. It is can occur in any age of people it is most dangerous for babies, small children’s and older age people.
Diarrhea, vomiting: It increases urination due to infection, skin injuries, vomiting with diarrhea, loss of fluids and minerals. Most common reason of person is to lose excess amount of water. Four million children have died every year due to dehydration from diarrhea.

Excessive bleeding and sweating: excessive perspiration also causes loss of water. Body can lose significant amount of water to cool itself by sweating. Sweating is depending upon weather condition. Seating is just another form of elimination.

Fever: Fever is another cause of dehydration. If high fever is going through, any person may affect to dehydration.

Diabetes: People with diabetes have another risk of dehydration. Kidneys of human try to get rid of this glucose by creating urine so the body of human becomes dehydrated.

Diet: Improper diet like junk food, snacks, fast food, alcohol, sugar these are major cause of dehydration.


In many cases the dehydration means rapid weight loss. Some day’s people can cause several kilograms. Usually dehydration begins with thirst, decrease in urine volume, dry mouth and swollen tongue, no tears when crying, headaches, forgetfulness, dizziness, confusion, nausea. These are the most common symptoms.
Less Common symptoms of dehydrations are:

Some sign is Loss of fluid through urination, vomiting, stools or sweating.
Sunken Eyes,
Low blood pressure
No tears when crying
Most better symptoms of urine is color of your urine. Dark color, amber or yellow color is usually signals of dehydration.
Extreme fussiness or sleepiness in infants and children, confusion or irritability in adults.
Dry or sticky mucous membranes in the mouth.

Precaution from Dehydration: We take some steps to avoid dehydration like human body is composed of 50-75% of water which is depending on age. So it’s important that we should pay attention to these steps.

Drink so much plenty of fluids or electrolyte replacement drinks when working or workout.
Drink lots of juice or during the summer eat watermelon. It’s make up water in the body.
Encourage students to drink lots of water.
Try to take rest in cool Environment.
Drink appropriate sport drink to maintain electrolyte balance.

Treatment of Dehydration: Someone with the above symptoms should get immediate medical care. To avoid dehydration, always try to drink at least 8 or 10 glass water in a day and drink extra fluids or milk and take some rest. These are the primarily steps however in case of severity, always consult a doctor who can recommend the best treatment such as oral re-hydration, oral re-hydration therapy.
So, drink lots of water and prevent yourself from many diseases.

1 comment:

  1. My experience: I was walking under the sun at 38 °C for five hours in the middle of the day. I drank three liters (12 cups)of soda and I was thinking I'm fine, because I was not thirsty or tired. The next morning I've excreted dark, almost black, urine, so I think I was moderately dehydrated. This means I should probably drink at least five liters (20 cups) of soda the day before to keep myself well hydrated.

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